or Neue Haas Grotesk
is a widely used sans-serif typeface
developed in 1957 by Swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger
with input from Eduard Hoffmann.
Helvetica is a neo-grotesque
design, one influenced by the famous 19th century typeface Akzidenz-Grotesk
and other German and Swiss designs. Its use became a hallmark of the International Typographic Style
that emerged from the work of Swiss designers in the 1950s and '60s, becoming one of the most popular typefaces of the 20th century. Over the years, a wide range of variants have been released in different weights, widths, and sizes, as well as matching designs for a range of non-Latin alphabets. Notable features of Helvetica as originally designed include a high x-height
, the termination of strokes on horizontal or vertical lines and an unusually tight spacing between letters, which combine to give it a dense, solid appearance.